Rape Crisis Information pathfinder- ptsd, ocd, did, rape trauma syndrome
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The Psychological Effects of Sexual Assault
PTSD - Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
The four major symptoms of Rape-related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder are: Re-experiencing the trauma (Rape victims may experience uncontrollable intrusive thoughts about the rape), social withdrawal, avoidance behaviors (a general tendency to avoid any thoughts, feelings, or cues which could bring up the catastrophic and most traumatizing elements of the rape), and irritability, hostility, rage and anger.
Authors note: Some common symptoms of PTSD in rape victims are short term memory loss, physical clumsiness and disorientation. One helpful coping tactic is to carry a small notebook with you and write down where you parked your car, phone numbers and people's names (especially emergency contacts).
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD, is a psychiatric disorder that can occur following the experience or witnessing of life-threatening events such as military combat, natural disasters, terrorist incidents, serious accidents, or violent personal assaults like rape.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD, is an anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal in which grave physical harm occurred or was threatened. Traumatic events that may trigger PTSD include violent personal assaults, natural or human-caused disasters, accidents, or military combat.
The National Center for
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) was created within the Department
of Veterans Affairs in 1989, in response to a Congressional mandate to
address the needs of veterans with military-related PTSD. Its mission
was, and remains: To advance the clinical care and social welfare of America's
veterans through research, education, and training in the science, diagnosis,
and treatment of PTSD and stress-related disorders. This website is provided
as an educational resource concerning PTSD and other enduring consequences
of traumatic stress.
"The most widely studied psychological consequence of sexual assault is Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)."
OCD - Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Obsessive-compulsive disorder, or OCD, involves anxious thoughts or rituals you feel you can't control. If you have OCD, you may be plagued by persistent, unwelcome thoughts or images, or by the urgent need to engage in certain rituals.
You may be obsessed with germs or dirt, so you wash your hands over and over. You may be filled with doubt and feel the need to check things repeatedly. You may have frequent thoughts of violence, and fear that you will harm people close to you. You may spend long periods touching things or counting; you may be pre-occupied by order or symmetry; you may have persistent thoughts of performing sexual acts that are repugnant to you; or you may be troubled by thoughts that are against your religious beliefs.
Foundation (OCF), with more than 10,000 members, is an international not-for-profit
organization composed of people with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
and related disorders, their families, friends, professionals and other
Dissociative Identity Disorder
A complex mental process known as disassociation allows children and adults to survive very painful situations, such as rape or incest. The memory of a traumatic experience is blocked from one's ongoing memory, which creates a temporary mental escape from the pain of the trauma. Because this process can produce changes in memory, people who frequently disassociate cannot recall important personal information.
Dissociation is a mental process, which produces a lack of connection in a person's thoughts, memories, feelings, actions, or sense of identity. During the period of time when a person is dissociating, certain information is not associated with other information as it normally would be. For example, during a traumatic experience, a person may dissociate the memory of the place and circumstances of the trauma from his ongoing memory, resulting in a temporary mental escape from the fear and pain of the trauma and, in some cases, a memory gap surrounding the experience. Because this process can produce changes in memory, people who frequently dissociate often find their senses of personal history and identity are affected.
Repeated dissociation may result in a series of separate entities, or mental states, which may eventually take on identities of their own. These entities may become the internal "personality states" of a DID system...
Terms often used by therapists and survivors to describe these entities are: "alternate personalities," "alters," "parts," "states of consciousness," "ego states," and "identities." It is important to keep in mind that although these alternate states may appear to be very different, they are all manifestations of a single person.
Eating disorders involve serious disturbances in eating behavior, such as extreme and unhealthy reduction of food intake or severe overeating, as well as feelings of distress or extreme concern about body shape or weight.
There seems to be a definite correlation between physical, sexual and/or emotional abuse and the sufferers of Eating Disorders. According to studies, a relatively high percent report that they have suffered from some sort of abuse in their lives. This site includes a treatment finder.
Private Sector Resources
What causes eating disorders? “This is an occurrence that causes extreme emotional pain for a person…rape”
This site is easy to read and oriented towards young women. It is illustrated with animations.
Health and Emergency Contraception
If you need to see a doctor and don't have a regular gynecologist please click here to find one at planned parenthood.
Medline is a very highly respected medical resource.
This web site and toll-free call center were created to provide free, reliable health information for women everywhere. Free hotline: 1-800-994-WOMAN
Just accept the terms of the disclaimer and use the finding tool.
AMWA is a recognized leader in bringing the under-addressed concerns of women and their children to national attention. The Winter 2005 issue addresses violence against women, including the impact of partner abuse on women’s reproductive rights, gang rape in the military, and factors contributing to maternal mortality.
Private Sector Resources
This resource has useful information about planning for your Doctor's visits. If you are worried about an upcoming doctor's appointment it is helpful to write or call them ahead of time to let them know your history. This can avoid any misunderstandings and reduce the stress during your visit. It is especially helpful if you have trouble verbalizing your problems. Bring a copy of the letter with you in case the nurse did not receive it. Make an appointment to do something relaxing with a friend afterwards. Try to take the whole day off from work if you can. If you are going to the emergency room request a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner.
Date Rape Drugs
What are “rape drugs?” from the Santa Monica Rape Treatment Center.
Certain drugs, such as Rohypnol, GHB, and Ketamine, are sometimes called “Rape Drugs” because they can be used as a weapon in sexual assault crimes. When the drugs are hidden in a drink, they may be completely undetectable. Yet, they are powerful and dangerous. They can seriously harm or even kill you.
For more information call the Santa Monica-UCLA Medical Center at 1-800-END-RAPE (1-800-363-7273).
Victims may not be aware that they ingested a drug at all. GHB and its analogues are invisible when dissolved in water, and are odorless. They are somewhat salty tasting, but are indiscernible when dissolved in beverages such as sodas, liquor, or beer.
Rohypnol can incapacitate victims and prevent them from resisting sexual assault. It can produce "anterograde amnesia," which means individuals may not remember events they experienced while under the effects of the drug. Also, Rohypnol may be lethal when mixed with alcohol and/or other depressants.
Rohypnol, GHB, and ketamine are all central nervous system depressants. Lower doses of Rohypnol can cause muscle relaxation and can produce general sedative and hypnotic effects. In higher doses, Rohypnol causes a loss of muscle control, loss of consciousness, and partial amnesia. When combined with alcohol, the toxic effects of Rohypnol can be aggravated.17 The sedative effects of Rohypnol begin to appear approximately 15–20 minutes after the drug is ingested. The effects typically last from 4–6 hours after administration of the drug, but some cases have been reported in which the effects were experienced 12 or more hours after administration.18
GHB has been shown to produce drowsiness, nausea, unconsciousness, seizures, severe respiratory depression, and coma. Additionally, GHB has increasingly become involved in poisonings, overdoses, date rapes, and fatalities.19
A pdf article on date rape drugs and how the experience affects the victim.
The drugging should
be recognized as a separate and distinct act of victimization in addition
to any other acts of abuse and degradation to which the victim was subjected.
How Being Unable to Forget Compares With Being Unable to
Rape is the most common violent crime on American college campuses today. This guide describes the problem of acquaintance rape of college students, addressing its scope, causes and contributing factors; methods for analyzing it on a particular campus; tested responses; and measures for assessing response effectiveness.
Project GHB is a source of vital communication as more & more information about GHB comes to light.
This site is intended as a research source for journalists. It contains a list of links to other resources about date rape drugs as well as current news stories.
Private Sector Resources
The Zero has established a "one-stop shop" for purely factual information, so that those actually interested in the truth can find it.
The first step may be to speak to a counselor at a rape crisis center free of charge. After your consultation it's a good idea to get a regular therapist. Healing is possible. The best advice the author of this site has read is to interview three therapists and choose the one you feel fits you best. Listed below are referral organizations which can tell you how to find a therapist near you. RAINN also gives referrals. During this interview you may want to ask what area they specialize in and if there are any topics they are uncomfortable with such as religion or LGBT issues. Many people are interested in support groups or group therapy which is available at many rape crisis and women's centers. You may want to consider online support groups as a supplement to in person support sources. If you are in crisis now please call a hotline operator. We are here to listen.
Referral Organizations- Find a therapist
This Locator provides you with comprehensive information about mental health services and resources and is useful for professionals, consumers and their families, and the public. You can access this information in several ways by selecting a State of U.S. Territory from the map or drop-down menu.
These resources from the National Mental Health Association can be used to help you find mental health treatment services in your community.
Although the American Psychological Association is not able to provide direct referrals, you can obtain a referral to a psychologist in your area by calling 1-800-964-2000. The operator will use your zip code to locate and connect you with the referral service of the state psychological association.
Private Sector Resources
From Dr. Kevin Grold-Find three therapists specializing in your problem and interview them each to decide which works best with you.
"EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) therapy has emerged as a procedure to be reckoned with in psychology....Almost a million people have been treated .... Also, further research appears to support the remarkable claims made for EMDR therapy."
If you are a student free counseling is probably available through your University. For rape crisis information for your school try this www.google.com search. Please enter the name of your University. Example : Rape and LSU and Counseling
Dedicated to encourage healing through the arts, Survivors Art Foundation is a 501(C)(3) non-profit organization committed to empowering trauma survivors with effective expressive outlets via internet art gallery, outreach programs, national exhibitions, publications and development of employment skills
(AATA) is a national association dedicated to the belief that the creative process involved in the making of art is healing and life enhancing. Founded in 1969 AATA is a not-for-profit organization of approximately 4,750 professionals and students that has established standards for art therapy education, ethics, and practice. AATA committees actively work on professional and educational development, national conferences, regional symposia, publications, governmental affairs, public awareness, research, and other activities that enhance the practice of art therapy.
Private Sector Resources
This site lists the advantages of OnLine Counseling Services. Convenience, Confidentiality, protecting your privacy with no one needing to know. Some individuals find it easier to communicate their personal issues when not having to face a counselor/therapist in person or find it difficult to trust someone at first. For clients who are being seen in-person OnLine Counseling provides an opportunity for availability to their counselor/therapist 24 hours/7 days. OnLine Counseling is also designed to be low-cost and affordable.
For further information see:The updated site hereor
The effects of rape as well as available treatments.
- Immediate symptoms
- Eating disorders and rape
- Self Injury
- Self blame
- Memory and ptsd
- Panic attacks
- Body memories
- The mask
- Sleeping problems
- PTSD and communication
- Secondary victimization
- Physical symptoms
- Date rape drugs
- Emergency contraception
- Art therapy
- Telling your story
- Online therapy
- Steps in healing
- Coping skills for panic attacks